space between racking

How much space do I need between pallets?

There are three considerations for side-spacing on a pallet rack beam: fire suppression (flue), aisle dimension, and material handling equipment straddling requirements. Fire suppression – flue spacing Pallet rack is usually designed around the width of grocery pallets.  A pallet rack beam is designed for each pallet width x (times) 2 or 3 pallets wide […]

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tear drop rack

Pallet rack types for the warehouse

The importance of good pallet rack design While some will tell you that pallet rack is pallet rack, expert warehouse managers would disagree. In fact, professionals in distribution management insist that quality pallet rack, designed properly, will increase productivity and add significantly to your bottom line. Increase storage and available warehouse space with pallet rack […]

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fogger used in a warehouse

What is an ULV fogging machine

ULV is short for ultra-low volume. A fogging machine uses air to transform large volumes of liquid into fine droplets that can be sprayed into the air. ULV fog machines are used by businesses and home users to apply payloads like pesticides, herbicides, fungicides, sterilizers, and disinfectants among other liquids and chemicals. Here is an […]

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storage rack systsms

Avoiding Warehouse Catastrophe: A Guide to Secure Storage Rack Systems

With warehouse and shipping logistics becoming a billion-dollar industry, there’s more of a need than ever to have warehouse space that’s properly designed. A warehouse and its storage rack systems ensure that products are safe and secure and ready when you need them. If warehouse rack systems are poorly installed, it could lead to major issues […]

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Guide to a Selective Pallet Racking System

Guide to a Selective Pallet Racking System

Are you preparing to build a new warehouse racking system, or upgrade an existing one? Either way, you’ll have plenty of solutions to choose from.  If you want to keep things simple, start with the most popular option. The most common pallet storage racking type in the world is a selective pallet racking system. This is an affordable […]

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pallet rack installtion tools

What tools do I need to install pallet rack?

There are some standard tools you’ll need to install a basic pallet rack setup. They include the following: Basic Pallet Rack Installation Tools Tape Measure: Most businesses or households have one these. Most people have used one. This affordable measuring tool is a long tape made of fabric or metal that has incremental measurements marked […]

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What is cantilever rack?

Image above courtesy of Hannibal Industries Cantilever rack is a racking system designed for storage of long, bulky, or awkward products such as rolls of carpet rolls, lumber, pipes and tubes, and other long format materials. Unlike any general purpose rack systems, cantilever racks do not have any vertical obstructions in the storage area of […]

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Pallet racking

What is pallet racking?

Definition: Pallet racking Pallet racking or pallet rack or simply just “racking” is a steel structure built from two or more upright frames, beams, and connectors. Racking is welded, bolted or clipped together. It is used to supporting inventory in storage in a warehouse and is considered mission critical equipment in materials handling and warehouse […]

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pallet rack components

Pallet rack components

Here is a rundown of key pallet rack components, including a definition of terms used in the material handling business. These industry terms are used by vendors of rack products like this one: http://store.warehouseiq.com.

Anchor Bolt: Anchor bolts are inserted through the baseplate’s holes to attach the column to a concrete floor.

Base Plate: A metal plate attached (usually welded) to the bottom of the racking frame columns. This anchors the rack system to the floor and distributes the weight of a column. Also known as footplates or footpads.

Back Connector: (TBA)

Beam: A beam is a horizontal part of the pallet racking. They are the part of the rack on which pallets are slid onto.  They are of steel and come in various types and lengths.

Beam Connector: (TBA)

Beam length: (TBA)

Column (Post): A vertical upright usually made of steel that is a key component of pallet racking.

Keyhole: Upright frame columns feature rows of punched holes, called keyholes, used to attach pallet rack beams to uprights. These keyholes vary in shape, depending on the racking maker.

Flue Space: Flue spaces are unobstructed vertical lines of sight from the floor to ceiling in rack storage areas. There are two types of flue spaces:

  1. Transverse flues: These flues are the spaces between rows of storage in the direction of loading.
  2. Longitudinal flues: These types of flues are the spaces between rows of storage perpendicular to the direction of loading, with a width of up to 24 inches or 600 mm.

Horizontal Bracing: (TBA)

Row Spacer: Row spacers are the components that attach between rows of pallet racking.  A row spacer stabilizes the pallet rack frame and help prevent movement.

Upright: Uprights are the vertical pieces of the pallet rack that hold everything together.  They come in both standard strength and heavy duty versions. They are also called frames.

Upright depth: The horizontal distance measurement between two column uprights in a pallet racking system.

Upright height: The vertical height measurement of a column upright, a critical component of pallet rack.

Wire deck or decking: Wire deck is a pallet rack accessory. It is made from a metal mesh that fits between the front and rear rack beams and provides a floor to place containers or other non-palletized inventory. The wire mesh is open enough to allow water and light to come through, but it acts as a foundation for cartons, cases, and other product containers.

If you want the definitions of any other pallet rack system components and how they are used, you can contact us.